Urban Indian Society Problem Solution development trends

In the light of recent political trends, we have critically examined the impact of urban politics on urbanization and urban development in India’s major cities.

Urbanisation is at a rapid pace in today's India. Many reasons like economic opportunities, better social standards, better knowledge etc are pushing the rural India towards the Metros and other major cities. Urban politics too have significant contribution in urbanisation process and the recent resurgence of AAP as the largest party in Delhi is a true evidence of this.

Delhi can be a case study for impact of urban politics on urbanization. It is a cosmopolitan society with varied classes, religious people living. Decline in Caste based politics, awareness among the urban residents, increase in literacy rates, change in demographics with more youth arriving at metros etc are in a way responsible for the change in thinking of average urban resident and his decisions to wards elections and leaders. This impacted the politics of urban areas and inturn establishing accountability of politician towards common man. It further increased urbanisation and is slowly turning out as a vicious cycle.

The usage of RTI, discussions in media and public forums, accessibility to information, anti-corruption movements by common people etc have raised expectations of people from politicians and the real need for development of cities is felt by all including politicians. Despite central sponsored development like Metro trains, roads, airports etc, there is a growing pressure from citizens on governments in major cities like Kolkata, Hyderabad etc for better delivery of services, reduction in corruption, improvement in day to day administration. With the rise of middle class and youth in India coupled with Urbanisation, Indian cities are becoming the real engines for galvanising the growth trend.

India is on it’s path and dream of Urbanisation. There is no doubt that all developed nations has Urbanisation as their backbone which generates taxes, jobs, innovation, revenues for government to run a nation. But, Urbanisation is also prone to politics unlike Science and Innovation.

Urban people are higher on gender equality, economic empowerment, literacy, awareness, connectivity with politicians through media, critiques of politics. These makes Urban politics more dynamic and accountable than rural politics.

Some Impacts of Urban politics on Urbanisation and Development are:

(1.) Urban politics engage educated and secondary sector people who needs harmony rich environment for them. This encourage politicians not to strive for communal politics rather a growth and result oriented politics. Hence, development is main focus.

(2.) Urbanisation greatest problem is transport, population density and public goods. These are shared by both poor and rich. Hence, urban politics stops differentiating between rich and poor. Such facilities also helps in urbanisation which is actually providing good services to all and act as Pull factor for rural population.

(3.) Urban politics focusses on feedback mechanism which leads to cater exactly what public needs. This leads less wastage of public money and political energy.

Hence, Urban politics leads to healthy and balanced urbanisation.

2014 Lok Sabha elections in India, dubbed as "India's first Social Media Elections" highlights the changing modes of political mobilization in Urban India. The extensive use of modern techniques in urban electorates had larger impacts on urbanization and urban development in the following ways:
-TECH SAVY: The election campaigns in recent months are carried out through various information and communication technologies which enhance transparency, proximity, updation and citizen participation in national issues.
-CONNECTIVITY: Social media played a vital role in promoting interaction between the leaders and citizens (especially youth) which enabled them to follow decision making processes and hold decisions about issues of common concern in the virtual world. It is even argued that this connectivity resulted in increased voter turnout (mainly youth) in major cities.
-NEW POLICIES: Addressing the concerns of youth in major cities many new policies were framed to ensure women safety (through apps, etc), 'smart city' planning that includes technologies in all aspects thus developing the urban cities at global standards.
-LACK OF ADDRESS ON LOCAL ISSUES: However, these improvements in e-campaigning did not address all the people as it is estimated that just 12% of the total population is covered in virtual world. So, some of the regional and local issues were not addressed properly by these modern trends of urban politics. Eg, Slums, which are often treated as vote banks do not show much development and mostly ignored from national policies.
Thus, the modern trends of politics had reached the largest youth population making them responsible enough to engage in politics and improving the urban cities towards a new scale of development. However, it has some disadvantages of not bringing a wholesome benefit especially to its invisible population in slums of urban cities.